Agricultural Issues Center
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AIC Online Publications and Data:

These links contain electronic publications and data from AIC projects.
Some of this material has not been printed in AIC publications and is not available elsewhere.

See also: Database sources - links to Federal and State sources for data.

Statistical Review of California's Organic Agriculture 2009-2012
October 2013, pdf, 732KB) Karen Klonsky, Brian D. Healy. This publication quantifies the current size and growth of the organic industry in California in terms of acres, farm gate sales and number of growers statewide and by commodity, commodity group, county, and region, based on California Department of Agriculture registration data from 2009 - 2012.
(see also: previous versions)

Agricultural Exports for California - Data
This link provides information on the history, methods and resulting data from the AIC effort to develop methods that result in more accurate statistics for international exports of California agricultural products.

MOCA: The Measure of California Agriculture
This publication documents California agriculture and its relationships to the rest of the economy by providing statistical details and an overview of unifying forces and trends. Selected key facts from this publication are also listed in a brochure format.

Winegrapes vs. Nuts: An Historical Review of Production in the San Joaquin Valley and Implications for the Future
AIC Researcher Jim Lapsleys presentation at the San Joaquin Valley Grape Symposium, January 2011.

From Angelica to Zinfandel (Port): A brief history of California dessert wine production

AIC Researcher Jim Lapsleys presentation for a recent course on dessert wines, January 2011.

Opportunities in the Korean Food Market.
AIC Director Daniel Sumner's presentation for the Korea Trade Investment Promotion Agency. Dec 2010.
See also:The Prospective Free Trade Agreement with Korea: Background, Analysis, and Perspectives for California Agriculture. Hyunok Lee and Daniel A. Sumner, June 2009.

Impacts of AB 32 on Agriculture
. Daniel A. Sumner and John Thomas Rosen-Molina.Presentation slides available here.
California's Climate Change Policy: The Economic and Environmental Impacts of AB 32 October, 2010. Sacramento, CA.
(presentations and video available for download)
Presented by The Giannini Foundation and the UC Agricultural Issues Center The conference brought together leading economists, analysts, and executives from academia, the state government, and industry to discuss the impacts of climate change and AB 32 on the California economy and the environment.

The World of Wine: Economic Issues and Outlook
(8/20/2010) Sumner, Anderson, Montaigne, Lapsley.

ARE Update articles based on presentations at the June 25th 2010 Symposium. Four world experts review current issues and the outlook for the global wine industry emphasizing issues for California.
Sumner, Daniel A .
"Is the World Overflowing with Wine? The Global Context for California Wine Supply and Demand."
Anderson, Kym."The Southern Hemisphere and Global Wine Markets to 2030: Case Study of Australia."
Montaigne, √Čtienne."European Wine Market Issues and Prospects in the Context of the Changes to the Common Market Organization for Wine."
Lapsely, James T. "Looking Forward: Imagining the Market For California Wine in 2030."

Clusters of Grapes and Wine

Rolf A.E. Mueller, Daniel A. Sumner and James T. Lapsley. (April 2010, pdf, 140 kb) This article considers application of a clusters approach to the California wine industry.

Traceability, Food Safety, and Industry Reputation

(Aug., 2009, pdf, 350 kb) Sebastien Pouliot and Daniel A. Sumner.
Sometimes authorities are unable to identify the origin of a tainted food product. In such cases, food recalls or warnings are often applied to all suppliers which means that the recall applies to suppliers of products that do not contribute to the contamination. One benefit of traceability is to enable more targeted recalls, identifying more specifically the product's origin. In this article, we show how increased traceability contributes to protect the reputation of industries by potentially limiting the size of product recalls. Furthermore, we show the relationships between the optimal degree of traceability and the level of food safety for identical farms in a competitive industry and for an industry using collective action to set rules and standards.

Economic Effects of Proposed Restrictions on Egg-laying Hen Housing in California
A ballot initiative in California that would place restrictions on the housing of commercial egg-laying hens is scheduled for the fall 2008 election. This study has considered the economic implications of regulations that would eliminate the use of cage housing systems for egg production in California.
Executive summary, PDF, 65 KB
Full report, PDF, 1.55 MB

California Agroecosystem Services: Assessment, Valuation and Policy Perspective
- Proceedings from the Sept 2007 workshop. Combined pdf papers below (pdf, 3120 kb)

1. A Framework for Assessment of California Agroecosystems
Tom Tomich, Kelly Garbach, Canter, Agricultural Sustainability Institute, UC Davis (pdf, 2400 kb)

2. Modeling Agroecosystem Services for Policy Analysis
John Antle, Department of Agricultural Economics and Economics, Montana State University  (pdf, 190 kb)      

3. Evaluating Regulation and Conservation Policy for California’s Agri-environmental Externalities
Nicolai V. Kuminoff,   Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Virginia Tech. (pdf, 575 kb) 4. Using Biophysical Information in Policies for Agroecosystem Services in California
Louise Jackson, Department of Air, Water, and Land Resources, UC Davis (pdf, 440 kb)

2007 Farm Bill

AIC Farm Bill briefs provide information on the 2007 Farm Bill of particular relevance for California. 

The Effects of Market Power on the size and Distribution of Benefits from the Ethanol Subsidy
(Aug. 2007, pdf, 220kb). Tina L. Saitone, Richard J. Sexton and Steven E. Sexton. This paper develops a model for determining the production and price impacts and distribution benefits from the U.S. ethanol subsidy when upstream sellers in the seed sector and downstream buyers in the processing sector may exercise market power.

Effects of Price Premiums for Multiple Product Attributes on Product Quality: California Processing Tomatoes
(Nov. 2006, pdf, 81 kb) Corinne Alexander, Rachael E. Goodhue, Sandeep Mohapatra, and Gordon C. Rausser examine how growers respond to price incentives and how these incentives interact for two important processing tomato quality attributes: limited use tomatoes and material other than tomatoes.

Agriculture's Role in the Economy.
November 2006 preprint draft chapter five in "The Measure of California Agriculture, 2006." This chapter summarizes the direct and multiplier effects of agriculture in the California economy and regions of the State. It also discusses California agriculture in the global context.

Aggregate Costs and Benefits of Government Invasive Species Control Activities Daniel A. Sumner, Henrich Brunke and Marcia Kreith. (pdf, 163kb, September 2006. Forthcoming in the Proceedings of The International Conference on the Future of Agriculture: Science, Stewardship, and Sustainability, August 7-9, 2006.)

EU Support Reductions Would Benefit California Tomato Growers and Processors
(pdf, 5.8mb)
Bradley J.Rickard and Daniel A. Sumner. Article in October - December 2006 issue of California Agriculture, which presents simulation model results from a 50 percent reduction in European Union trade barriers and subsidies.

Supply and Demand for Commodity Components: Implications of Free Trade versus the AUSFTA for the U.S. Dairy Industry

Julian M. Alston, Joseph V. Balagtas, Daniel A. Sumner, and Henrich Brunke
This paper presents a simulation model of world dairy markets, represented by supply and demand equations for fat and nonfat components of milk and manufactured dairy products. We use the model to analyze the effects on U.S. milk markets of both a hypothetical agreement, allowing free bilateral trade in dairy products, and the actual Australian-US Free Trade Agreement.

Alpaca Lies? Do Alpacas Represent the Latest Speculative Bubble in Agriculture? (pdf)
T.L. Saitone and R.J. Sexton, September 2005.

Economic Data and Projections for Analysis of Dairy Trade on a Component Basis.
Henrich Brunke, Daniel A. Sumner, Julian M. Alston, and Joseph V. Balagtas. Data appendix to paper on "Supply and Demand for Commodity Components: Implications of Free Trade versus the AUSFTA for the U.S. Dairy Industry."

Economics of Strawberry Productions with Alternative Fumigants
Rachael Goodhue, Karen Klonsky and Steve Fennimore. A summary presentation on results of Oxnard and Watsonville field trials with alternatives to methy bromide fumigation.

Marketing Profiles of Important California Commodities
This website contains short industry profiles on important California commodities with an emphasis on
production, marketing, consumption, value added, trade and price trends for these commodities in the last one to two decades.

How Serious is the Threat of Mad Cow Disease?

A video seminar
On December 23, 2003 the U.S. was shocked by the news of a case of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE or more commonly mad cow disease) found in a dairy farm in Washington state. To provide information about the implication of this event, AIC's Daniel Sumner and José Bervejillo and Dean Cliver of the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine participated in a seminar discussion sponsored by the UC Davis Institute of Governmental Affairs. Cliver reviewed the basics of the BSE and provided an assessment of human and animal health consequences. Sumner and Bervejillo assessed the economic impact of this first case of mad cow disease in the U.S. and the implications of the new federal regulations on the livestock industry. Play video. http://media.ucdavis.edu:8080/ramgen/MadCow/IGAMadCow02-05-04.rm

Compensating Landowners for Conserving Agricultural Land
Compensating landowners is an increasingly important approach for maintaining working landscapes, especially in the face of urban expansion. As an alternative or supplement to government land use planning and regulation, landowner payments recognize the multiple public benefits of keeping farmland in the hands of farmers. The papers included in this collection (products of an April, 2003, conference in Sacramento) describe, evaluate, and suggest variations in a range of compensatory techniques, including: (1) property tax preferences for farmland allowed by state governments; (2) federal cost-share conservation payments administered by USDA; (3) federal payments for the temporary retirement of cropland; and (4) agricultural easements created through the acquisition of development rights from landowners.
261 pages, 8.5 x 11, softcover edition, Download book in .pdf format (large file size)

Assessing the Role of NAFTA in California Agriculture: A Review of Trends and Economic Relationships
Henrich Brunke and Daniel A. Sumner investigate the impacts the North American Free Trade Agreement on California agriculture. This is a study the Agricultural Issues Center conducted in collaboration with the California Farm Bureau Federation thirteen years after an agreement for free trade with Canada and eight years after Mexico was added to create the North American Free Trade Agreement.

China agricultural production, trade, and cost of production data.
This site contains China agricultural data on production, cost of production, and trade. The information was created by Scott Rozelle, Hengyun Ma, and Lan Li from the department of Agricultural and Resource Economics at UC Davis.

Private Investment in Exotic Pest Control Technology: The Case of Silverleaf Whitefly in California (pdf)
Karen M. Jetter, Julian M. Alston, and Robert J. Farquharson examine the economic benefits from the development and adoption of the new pest management technology by several vegetable industries that are susceptible to the silverleaf whitefly. Specifically, broccoli, cauliflower, cantaloupe, head lettuce and leaf lettuce, and fresh tomatoes are analyzed.

Economic Consequences of European Union Processing Tomato Subsidies (pdf)
Daniel A. Sumner, Bradley J. Rickard, and David S. Hart analyze the impacts of EU processed tomato industry export subsidies, import barriers, and domestic subsidies on EU producers, consumers and taxpayers and on processed tomato market participants outside the EU.

Potential Impact of Foot and Mouth Disease in California: The role and contribution of animal health surveillance and monitoring services (pdf)
Javier M. Ekboir investigates the economic consequences for California's livestock industry of the sudden appearance of foot-and-mouth disease.

California Farmers and Conservation Easements: Motivations, Experiences, and Perceptions in Three Counties (pdf)
By Ellen Rilla and Alvin D. Sokolow, with the assistance of Robin Kozloff and Cathy Lemp. Research Paper #4 in AIC's California Farmland & Open Space Policy Series, December 2000. (

Agriculture in the Sacramento Region, Trends and Prospects
This link provides a detailed portrait of agriculture in the lower Sacramento Valley, and of the economic and policy trends that are shaping its future.

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