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The Measure of California Agriculture, 2009 UC Ag Issues Center

List of Figures, List of Tables, Main MOCA09 page


List of Figures

Chapter 1 California Farms and Farmers Page

1.1 Federal and nonfederal land use in California, 1997 1-3
1.2 Nonfederal land use in California, 1997 1-4
1.3 Federal and nonfederal land use, 48 contiguous states, 2002 1-4
1.4 Nonfederal land use, 48 contiguous states, 2002 1-5
1.5 Agricultural land use, California, 2002 1-6
1.6 Agricultural land use, United States, 2002 1-6
1.7 California harvested cropland, 1964, 1982, 2002 1-9
1.8 California production regions 1-10
1.9 Total land and land in farms by region, California, 2002 1-11
1.10 Total agricultural land use by region, California, 2002 1-11
1.11 California farms by acres per farm, 2002 1-15
1.12 Land ownership and farm operators, California and United States, 2002 1-16
1.13 Percent of farms and sales value by total sales class, California, 2002 1-18
1.14 Females as a percent of principal farm operators, United States and California,
1987-2002 1-22

Chapter 2 Demand and Supply

2.1 United States food expenditures as a share of disposable income, 1945–2004 2-4
2.2 United States food expenditures, at home and away from home, 1945–2004,
in inflation-adjusted year-2000 dollars 2-4
2.3 United States retail food and fruit and vegetable price indices relative to price
indices of all consumer goods, 1945–2005 2-5
2.4 Value of leading California commodities, 2003–2004 2-7
2.5 Cash receipts by commodity group, California, 2004 2-8
2.6 Top 10 states by cash receipts from farm marketings, 2004 2-9
2.7 Top 10 states by net farm cash income, 2004 2-10
2.8 Farms according to sales per farm by principal commodity group, CA, 2002 2-12
2.9 Average production value per farm by county 2-14
2.10 Gross agricultural production value by county, California 2004 2-17
2.11 Dairy production value by county, 2004 2-19
2.12 Field crops production value by county, 2004 2-20
2.13 Vegetable and melon production value by county, 2004 2-21
2.14 Tree nut production value by county, 2004 2-22
2.15 Grape production value by county, 2004 2-23
2.16 Greenhouse, nursery and forestry production value by county, 2004 2-24
2.17 California organic acres by commodity group, 2003 2-26
2.18 California organic sales by commodity group, 2003 2-26

Chapter 3 Inputs to Farm Production

3.1 California farm expenditures, grouped items, 1994 - 2007 in year-2000 inflation
adjusted dollars 3-4
3.2 Farm debt to assets ratio, California and United States, 1960-2003 3-6
3.3 Farm debt to equity ratio, California and United States, 1960-2003 3-6
3.4 Farms by value of land and buildings, California, 2002 3-7
3.5 California farms by value of machinery and equipment, 2002 3-10
3.6 Hired farm workers by month, California, 1990 - 2007 3-12
3.7 Commercial pesticide application, California 1992-2003 3-16
3.8 Fuel, oil and electricity expenditures for California agriculture, 1971-2007,
in year-2000 inflation adjusted dollars 3-21
3.9 California farm energy cost as percentage of total input cost, 1971-2007 3-22
3.10 California water distribution infrastructure, 2005 3-26
3.11 Applied water and evapotranspiration of applied water, by crop, California, 1995 3-27
3.12 Share of California production value and water use by major commodities, 2000 3-29
3.13 Production value per acre-foot of irrigation water for California commodities
in 2000 3-30
3.14 Agricultural cash receipts per acre-foot of applied water, California 1960-2002,
in inflation adjusted year-2000 dollars 3-35
3.15 Annual Expenditures for California Cooperative Extension and Agricultural
Experiment Station in year-2000 inflation adjusted dollars, 1993-2007 3-39
3.16 Distribution of University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural
Resources expenditures, fiscal year 2006-2007 3-40
3.17 University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources
expenditure sources, fiscal year 2006-2007 3-41

Chapter 4 Marketing, Trade, Policy and Risk Management

4.1 California Farmer Cooperatives by Share of Net Business Revenue, 2001 4-6
4.2 Vegetable crop marketing channels 4-7
4.3 Grape marketing channels 4-8
4.4 Tree nut marketing channels 4-8
4.5 Marketing channels for fruits and tree crops other than nuts and grapes 4-9
4.6 California’s agricultural exports, 1995 – 2004 4-10
4.7 Share of California agricultural exports by value of main commodity
groups, 2004 4-13
4.8 Pest control expenditures in California by government level and activity, 2003 4-17
4.9 Animal pest and disease control activities in California by the state and federal
government, 2003 expenditures 4-18
4.10 Plant pest and disease control activities in California by the state and federal
government, 2003 expenditures 4-19
4.11 Ratio of producer support estimate (PSE) to value of production plus government
payments, by commodity or commodity group, 1999-2001 4-22
4.12 Share of agricultural support by commodity, California, 1999-2001 4-23
4.13 Share of agricultural support by program, California, 1999-2001 4-23
4.14 Percent of California harvested fruit, tree nut, and vegetable acreage with buy-up
insurance, 1999 and 2003 4-25
4.15 Percent of California harvested field crop acreage with buy-up insurance,
1999 and 2003. 4-26


List of Tables


Chapter 1 California Farms and Farmers Page

1.1 Agricultural land use, California and United States, 1964-2002 1-7
1.2 Agricultural land use, California and United States, 1964-2002 1-8
1.3 California harvested cropland, 1964-2002 1-9
1.4 Acres converted to urban and built-up areas, 1988-2002 1-13
1.5 Number of farms and land in farms, California and United States, 1945-2002 1-14
1.6 Farms by number of operators per farm, California and United States, 2002 1-17
1.7 Number of farms and market value of sales by total sales class, 2002 1-18
1.8 Legal organization of farms, California and United States, 2002 1-19
1.9 Farm operators by age group, California and United States, 1987-2002a 1-20
1.10 Reported number of farm operators by number of days employed off the farm,
California and United States, 1987-2002 1-21
1.11 Principal farm operators by race, California and United States, 2002 1-23

Chapter 2 Demand and Supply

2.1 United States per capita consumption of major foods, 1971-2003 2-3
2.2 Leading California commodities by cash receipts, 2004 2-6
2.3 Crops for which California is the sole or major U.S. producer:
California’s share of national cash receipts, 2004 2-8
2.4 Cash receipts from farm marketings, United States and California, selected years,
year-2000 inflation-adjusted dollars 2-9
2.5 Number of farms, land and sales by principal commodity, California and United
States, 2002 2-11
2.6 Agricultural production value by county, 2004 2-16
2.7 Gross production value by commodity group and production region,
California, 2004 2-18
2.8 California organic agriculture, 1997 – 2003 2-25
2.9 California organic farmer’s cash receipts by commodity group, 2003 2-25
2.10 Percent of registered organic growers and total sales by sales class, 1998-2003 2-27
2.11 California organic agriculture by commodity group, 1998-2003 2-28
2.12 Top 20 California organic products by sales revenue, 2003 2-29

Chapter 3 Inputs to Farm Production

3.1 Farm expenditures, 1994 - 2007, in year-2000 inflation adjusted dollars 3-3
3.2 Farm balance sheets, California and United States, 2003 3-5
3.3 Value of land and buildings, California and United States, 1982-2007 3-7
3.4 Value of land and buildings in highest valued counties compared to value of
production, California, 2002 3-8
3.5 Average value of California farm land and buildings, 10 highest-valued counties,
2002 3-9
3.6 Machinery and equipment, California, 1997 and 2002 3-11
3.7 Top 10 California counties ranked by value of machinery, 2002 3-11
3.8 Hired farm workers and payroll by region, California, 2002 3-12
3.9 Annual salaries of private workers by industry, California, 2001-2003 3-13
3.10 Average hourly earnings, California agriculture, selected years 3-13
3.11 Number of farm workers in California, Texas and Iowa, 2002 3-13
3.12 Characteristics of California’s Central Valley farm workers, 2001 3-14
3.13 Quantity of pesticides applied to top pesticide using crops in California as
measured by weight, 1999-2003 3-17
3.14 Top pesticide using crops, cumulative acres treated 1999-2003 3-18
3.15 Top 10 counties by quantity of reported applied pesticides, 2003 3-18
3.16 Commercial pesticide use in California categorized by hazard: quantity applied
and acres treated, 1994 – 2003 3-19
3.17 Reported annual use of methyl bromide and metam-sodium, California,
1997-2007 3-20
3.18 Fuel costs for production of selected commodities as percentage of operating
Costs 3-23
3.19 California surface water balance for wet, normal and dry years 3-24
3.20 Applied use of dedicated surface and groundwater supplies, California 3-25
3.21 Applied water use and distribution (includes reuse) of dedicated surface and
groundwater supplies, California 3-25
3.22 Per acre evapotranspiration rate of applied water (ETAW), California, 1998,
2000, 2001 average 3-28
3.23 Range of rates paid by farmers for surface water deliveries, by DWR hydrologic
region, 2000 3-31
3.24 Percentage of irrigated land (excluding rice) under different irrigation systems,
1972-2001 3-31
3.25 California irrigated acreage, average 1998, 2000 and 2001 3-32
3.26 Three-year average yields for representative commodities, California and other
states, 1981-83 and 2001-03 3-33
3.27 Average yield and average annual yield growth rates of California winegrape
production, 1920 – 2005 3-34
3.28 Annual Expenditures for California Cooperative Extension and Agricultural
Experiment Station, 1993-2007 (nominal dollars) 3-37
3.29 Annual Expenditures for California Cooperative Extension and Agricultural
Experiment Station in year-2000 inflation adjusted dollars, 1993-2007 3-38
3.30 University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources funding
sources, 2002-2007, in year-2000 inflation adjusted dollars 3-42

Chapter 4 Marketing, Trade, Policy and Risk Management

4.1 Memberships in farmer cooperatives, California and United States, 1965-2002 4-3
4.2 Location and revenue of farmer cooperatives, California and United States,
1965-2002 4-4
4.3 Types of farmer cooperatives, California and United States, 2001 4-5
4.4 California agricultural commodity export values and rankings, 2003-2004 4-11
4.5 Percent of California export value shipped to major markets, by commodity
group, 2004 4-13
4.6 Vehicles monitored by CDFA at California border agricultural inspection
stations, 1989-2003 4-15
4.7 Incoming commercial shipments of plants and animals recorded at California
interstate pest exclusion border stations, 1997-2003 4-16
4.8 Direct federal government payments to farmers, 1960-2004 4-20
4.9 Producer support estimate (PSE) by commodity 4-21
4.10 Use of federal crop insurance by California farmers, 1998-2003 4-24

Chapter 5 Agriculture’s role in the economy

5.1 California gross state product by industry, 2003 5-4
5.2 California’s agriculture-related industries, 2002 5-5
5.3 California food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing industry, 2002 5-6
5.4 California share of the U.S. food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing
industry, 2002 5-6
5.5 Economic impact of California’s agricultural production and processing, 2002
A. California: Direct and total effects 5-10
B. California: Direct and total effects as share of state economy 5-11
C. California: Industry multipliers 5-11
5.6 Economic impact of Central Valley agricultural production and processing, 2002
A. Central Valley: Direct and total effects in the region 5-13
B. Central Valley: Direct and total effects as share of regional economy 5-14
C. Central Valley: Industry multipliers 5-14
5.7 Economic impact of San Joaquin Valley agricultural production and
processing, 2002
A. San Joaquin Valley: Direct and total effects in the region 5-16
B. San Joaquin Valley: Direct and total effects as share of regional economy 5-17
C. San Joaquin Valley: Industry multipliers 5-17
5.8 Economic impact of Sacramento Valley agricultural production and
processing, 2002
A. Sacramento Valley: Direct and total effects in the region 5-19
B. Sacramento Valley: Direct & total effects as share of regional economy 5-20
C. Sacramento Valley: Industry multipliers 5-20
5.9 Economic impact of Central Coast agricultural production and processing,
2002
A. Central Coast: Direct and total effects in the region 5-22
B. Central Coast: Direct and total effects as share of regional economy 5-23
C. Central Coast: Industry multipliers 5-23
5.10 Gross domestic product (GDP) of the top-15 economies of the world, 2004 5-24
5.11 Top-15 countries by agricultural value added, average 2001-2003 5-25
5.12 Agriculture’s contribution to GDP, selected countries and California,
average, 2001-2003 5-26
5.13 Value of agricultural production, selected countries and California,
average, 2001-2003 5-26


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