Analysis of California agricultural issues
The University of California Agricultural Issues Center (AIC) is a statewide program within UC Agriculture and Natural Resources.
We study topics such as international markets, invasive pests and diseases, the value of agricultural research and development, agricultural policy and the rural environment among others. The issues are often global, but we emphasize implications for agriculture and natural resources in California. The audience for AIC research and outreach includes decision makers in agriculture and government, scholars and students, journalists and the general public.
Forum examines economic growth and universities
UC Davis is hosting a forum Tuesday, April 21 on the role universities can play in economic development. The forum will be held from 1 to 4:30 p.m. in the multipurpose room of the Student Community Center. Among those speaking is AIC Director Daniel Sumner. The forum is an outgrowth of a book called “Public Universities and Regional Growth,” which focuses on six University of California campuses. The book will be published next month by Stanford University Press.
UC Drought Summit
The Center for Watershed Sciences is organizing faculty from all UC campuses and other California universities to present a daylong Drought Science, Policy and Management Summit on April 25, 2014 in Assembly Committee Room 4202 at the state Capitol.
Video recordings of presentations will be available soon after the summit at http://www.calchannel.com.
Climate Change: Challenges to California’s Agriculture and Natural Resources
Monday, May 19, 2014 The California Museum 1020 O Street Sacramento, CA
2012 California Export Data (click link to left for full file, or select individual tables below)
Table 1 - California agricultural product export values and rankings, 2010--2012
Table 2 - California Share of U.S. Agricultural Exports by Category and Commodity, 2011-2012
Table 3 - Major Destinations for California Agricultural Exports, 2011 and 2012
Table 4 - Major California agricultural exports to the top 15 destinations, 2011 and 2012
Table 5 - Major California agricultural exports to the European Union, 2011 and 2012
Table 6 - Ratio of California farm quantity exported to farm quantity produced, 2011 and 2012
Click here for previous years data
The 2014 Farm Bill: Specialty Crop Programs, Food Safety & FSMA and Thoughts for the Future
AIC Director Daniel Sumner on 2014 Farm Bill Specialty Crop Programs (audio)
A New Market for an Old Food: the U.S. Demand for Olive Oil
Bo Xiong, Daniel Sumner, William Matthews
While U.S. consumption of olive oil has tripled over the past two decades, nearly all olive oil continues to be imported. Estimation of a demand system using monthly import data reveals that the income elasticity for virgin oils sourced from EU is above one, but demand for non-virgin oils is income-inelastic. The demand for olive oil as a single product is price-inelastic. Differentiated by product characteristic and origin, olive oils are highly substitutable with each other but not with other vegetable oils. News about the health and culinary benefits of olive oil and the spread of Mediterranean diet contribute significantly to the rising demand.
MOCA: The Measure of California Agriculture
This publication documents California agriculture and its relationships to the rest of the economy by providing statistical details and an overview of unifying forces and trends. Selected key facts are also listed in a brochure format.
Highlights - The Measure of California Agriculture, updated 2012. Also available in Spanish.
Disentangling Demand-enhancing and Trade Cost Effects of Maximum Residue Regulations
Bo Xiong and John Beghin
Maximum residue level (MRL) regulations in plant products can create unnecessary trade barriers on one hand and enhance demand via risk mitigation or quality assurance on the other. We stipulate a generalized gravity equation model to disentangle the effects of MRLs on the import demand and foreign exporters' supply. Applying the framework to the MRLs on pesticides imposed by high-income Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development countries, we find that the MRLs jointly enhance the import demand and hinder foreign exporters' supply. In addition, exporters from the less and least developed countries are more constrained by the MRLs than their competitors from the developed world.
Statistical Review of California's Organic Agriculture 2009-2012
October 2013, pdf, 732KB) Karen Klonsky, Brian D. Healy. This publication quantifies the current size and growth of the organic industry in California in terms of acres, farm gate sales and number of growers statewide and by commodity, commodity group, county, and region, based on California Department of Agriculture registration data from 2009 - 2012.
AIC White Papers on California Agricultural Issues
This series of 15 AIC white papers outlines many major issues facing California agriculture. They describe the important factual circumstances, policies and economic relationships surrounding each issue. They do not analyze in any detail implications of alternative responses to the issues. They are designed to provide quick readable introductions to major issues that will be useful to industry and stakeholders and analysts, as well as public decision makers and advisors.
The Farm Bill and Western Agriculture
Presentation slides from the May 14, 2013 workshop about the new Farm Bill and its impacts on agriculture in the West.
"What Is a Farm Bill, What Is in the 2013 Version, and What Does It Mean to California Agriculture?" Sumner, Daniel A. ARE Update, Jul/Aug, 2013
"Changes Are Coming to U.S. Dairy Policy." Balagtas, Joseph V., Daniel A. Sumner, and Jisang Yu. ARE Update, Jul/Aug, 2013
"What Can Be Done to Reinvigorate U.S. Agricultural Research?" Pardey, Philip G., Julian M. Alston, and Connie Chan-Kang. ARE Update, Jul/Aug, 2013
"Risk Management and the Farm Bill: The Role of Crop Insurance." Lee, Hyunok and Daniel A. Sumner. ARE Update, Jul/Aug, 2013
Asian Citrus Psyllid Management
The deadly huanglongbing is spreading towards California and threatens commercial citrus production. This web site is designed to show citrus growers where the Asian citrus psyllid and the HLB disease are located. Since there is currently no cure for the disease, the best management strategy is reducing the psyllid vector with insecticides. This web site will also provide a list of the ACP-effective insecticides, information about the best timing of their use, strategies for treatment and cost projections.
The OSU-UCD Partnership for Agricultural & Resource Policy Research (OreCal) is a collaboration between the Center for Agricultural & Environmental Policy at Oregon State University and the University of California Agricultural Issues Center. OreCal analyzes critical public policy issues concerning agriculture, food systems, natural resources, rural communities, and the environment. Principal Investigators for the partnership include members of the Departments of Agricultural and Resource Economics at both OSU and UC Davis. The partnership is one of the five agricultural and resource policy centers funded by the US Department of Agriculture.
AIC researcher Bill Matthews spoke at the Far West Chapter Annual Meeting of the National Society of Accountants for Cooperatives in Monterey in May, 2013. “International Agricultural Issues, Trends in the Local Food Market”.
OreCal presentations by AIC Director Dan Sumner:
- Risk Management and Commodity Policy OreCal Review
- Local and National Government-set rules for Production of Agricultural Products
AIC Associate Director Julian Alston’s paper in ARE Update, Mar/April 2013:
"The Elasticity of Demand for California Winegrapes." Fuller, Kate B. and Julian Alston.
Papers by AIC post-doctoral scholar Bo Xiong
- Estimating Gravity Equation Models in the Presence of Sample Selection and Heteroskedasticity
- Stringent Maximum Residue Limits, Protectionism, and Competitiveness: The Cases of the US and Canada.