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      Agricultural Issues Center
      University of California
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      530-752-2320
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 Commodities and Markets


Marketing Profiles

Short industry profiles on important California commodities with an emphasis on production, marketing, consumption, value added, trade and price trends for these commodities in the last one to two decades.

ARE Crop Cost Studies
These are the most recent cost and return studies for a broad range of commodities produced in California. Studies can be sorted by commodity, production region, or county within California.

AIC Export Data
California’s agricultural exports.

Prospects for the California Milk Pool Quota Market
. Sumner, D.A. and J. Yu. Journal of Agribusiness. We find that the Agricultural Act of 2014 has mixed effects on the market for California milk pool quota. 2014

Posters from 2015 ANR conference
Cost Studies poster 2015
Almonds - contributions to economy poster 2015
Grape rootstock - water savings poster 2015
Asian Citrus Psyllid poster 2015

Contributions of the California Dairy Industry to the California Economy

A Report for the California Milk Advisory Board.
Daniel A. Sumner, Josué Medellín-Azuara and Eric Coughlin May 2015.

A new market for an old food: the U.S. demand for olive oil
Bo Xiong, Daniel A. Sumner and William Matthews
- see also media article: The coming rise of pure, premium, American olive oil

Effects of housing system on the costs of commercial egg production.
W. A. Matthews and D. A. Sumner. Poultry Science, December 2014.
This article reports the first publicly available egg production costs compared across 3 hen-housing systems.

Public Universities and Region Growth:  Insights from the University of California
.book cover
AIC researchers Jim Lapsley and Dan Sumner have just published a book chapter, "We Are Both Hosts," that highlights the synergistic interaction between Napa wine industry and the University of California, Davis. Their research appears as a chapter in the new book, Public Universities and Region Growth: Insights from the University of California, which was recently published by Stanford University Press. The chapter “We Are Both Hosts”, examines agricultural innovation by focusing on the interaction between Napa valley wineries and vineyards and the U.C. Davis Department of Viticulture and Enology. Tracing the growth in the production of and market for quality wine, the chapter reviews the development and adoption of viticultural and enological innovations from the 1950s to the present and analyzes the effects of U.C. Davis outreach, teaching and research.

New Demand for Old Food: the U.S. Demand for Olive Oil

Bo Xiong, William Matthews, Daniel Sumner
U.S. consumption of olive oil has tripled over the past twenty years, but nearly all olive oil continues to be imported.
See also media item: The coming rise of pure, premium, American olive oil

Economic Effects of Proposed Restrictions on Egg-laying Hen Housing in California
A ballot initiative in California that would place restrictions on the housing of
commercial egg-laying hens is scheduled for the fall 2008 election.
This study has considered the economic implications of regulations that would
eliminate the use of cage housing systems for egg production in California.
Executive summary PDF, 65 KB
Full report
PDF, 1.55 MB

AIC White Papers on California Agricultural Issues - Animal Welfare
Pending Regulations on Hen-Housing to Affect California Producers and California Consumers - poster pdf

Local and National Government-set rules for Production of Agricultural Products (includes hen-housing)- presentation pdf

The Economics of Regulations on Hen Housing in California 
Presentation at the 2010 annual meeting of the
Southern Agricultural Economics Association, Daniel A. Sumner, William A. Matthews, Joy A. Mench and  J. Thomas Rosen-Molina.

Economic Implications of the Import Duty and Excise Tax Drawback for Wine Imported into the United States
( August, 2011, pdf, 1MB) Daniel A. Sumner, James T. Lapsley and John Thomas Rosen-Molina.
This study explains how wine imports and exports and related grape prices and quantities are influenced by a federal program that allows refunds to wine exporters of 99% of the import duties and excises taxes paid on “commercially interchangeable” wine imports.

Economics of Carbon Credits from Voluntary Practices on Rice Farms in the Sacramento Valley

(May 2011, pdf, 360kb) Cloe Garnache, John Thomas Rosen-Molina and Daniel A. Sumner
This report provides an economic analysis of Green House Gas emissions from alternative rice production practices in the Sacramento Valley.

South Korea-U.S. free trade agreement will lower export barriers for California products
by Hyunok Lee, Daniel A. Sumner. California Agriculture, April-June 2011.
" Once it is approved, KORUS FTA will generate more demand for California products and expand the state's agricultural economy."

Opportunities in the Korean Food Market.
AIC Director Daniel Sumner's presentation for the Korea Trade Investment Promotion Agency. Dec 2010.
See also:The Prospective Free Trade Agreement with Korea: Background, Analysis, and Perspectives for California Agriculture. Hyunok Lee and Daniel A. Sumner, June 2009.

Statistical Review of California’s Organic Agriculture 2005 – 2009
(March 2011, pdf, 1.25MB) Karen Klonsky, Kurt Richter. This publication quantifies the current size and growth of the organic industry in California in terms of acres, farm gate sales and number of growers statewide and by commodity, commodity group, county, and region, based on California Department of Agriculture registration data from 2005 - 2009. (see also: previous versions)

Comparison of Production Costs and Resource Use for Organic and Conventional Production Systems
Presentation by AIC Associate Director Karen Klonsky for a webinar (3/1/2011) sponsored by NRCS.
-Presentation slides.     
-Paper.

The Profitability of Organic Agriculture: Lessons from the Sustainable Agriculture Farming Systems Project (SAFS)
Presentation by AIC Associate Director Karen Klonsky for a USDA Organic Farming Systems Research Conference (3/16/2011) in Washington DC.

The Central Valley Winegrape Industry and the World Market for Wine
AIC Director Dan Sumner's presentation at the San Joaquin Valley Grape Symposium, January 2011.
See also: media coverage of the event

Winegrapes vs. Nuts: An Historical Review of Production in the San Joaquin Valley and Implications for the Future

AIC Researcher Jim Lapsley's presentation at the San Joaquin Valley Grape Symposium, January 2011.

From Angelica to Zinfandel (Port): A brief history of California dessert wine production
AIC Researcher Jim Lapsley's presentation for a recent course on dessert wines, January 2011.
See also: media coverage of the event.

A Look at California's Organic Agriculture Production. Karen Klonsky, ARE Update, Nov/Dec, 2010

Clusters of Grapes and Wine
(April 2010, pdf) Rolf A.E. Mueller, Daniel A. Sumner and James T. Lapsley.
This article considers application of a clusters approach to the California wine industry. After examining the idea of clusters in the context of industrial-complex economics, agglomeration economics and social network economics, we assess the usefulness of a cluster to consider the competitiveness of the California wine industry for national and global sales, export development and vineyard prices. We find that geographic clustering of grape production, winemaking and allied industries derives mainly from obvious economics of grape production and transport costs. If the cluster concept is to be useful empirically, California likely should be viewed as comprising several geographic wine clusters.

Import Demand for Brazilian Ethanol: a Cross-Country Analysis
(November 2009) Barbara Farinelli, Colin A. Carter, C.-Y. Cynthia Lin, Daniel A. Sumner. Analysis of import demand models suggests that the factors influencing demand for ethanol vary across countries with respect to market conditions and regulations.

Sharpening the Focus of Yolo County Land Use Policy
(October 2009, pdf, 8.3 MB) Kurt Richter

Political Market Power Reflected in Milk Pricing Regulations
(August 2009, pdf) Byeong-il Ahn and Daniel A. Sumner. 91 3:723-37. Government policy on quantity supplied or price may have effects on the market similar to monopolists. An exploration of political power of producers in market pricing implemented through policy.

Sun-Maid Growers of California
(May 13, 2008, pdf) Déborah S. Sánchez, Michael A. Boland, Daniel A. Sumner. An explanation to growers of how price discovery has occurred in the raisin industry. Discussion of key determinants of demand and supply for raisins, analysis of price discovery, and consideration of alternative investments.

The direct economic effects of a policy to provide government subsidized price discounts for the purchase of fruit and vegetable by food stamp recipients.
January 2008 (pdf, 88kb) Karen M. Jetter.
This study evaluates the direct benefits and costs to consumers and producers from changes in prices, consumption and production, of a policy to offer government price discounts on fresh fruit and vegetable to food stamp recipients.

The Solano Agricultural Futures Project (Dec. 2007, 4 pdf files). Al Sokolow and Kurt Richter. The Solano Agricultural Futures project is a comprehensive examination of the county’s farm and ranch sector. The research focuses on obstacles and prospects for future development of the economic base of Solano County agriculture, with particular attention to the land use and the production and marketing of specific commodities and products.

Effects of Milk Marketing Order Regulation on the Share of Fluid Grade Milk in the United States 
(November 2007, pdf) Joseph V. Balagtas, Daniel A. Sumner and Aaron Smith.   An econometric model exploits regional and temporal variation in policy implementation to identify the effect of marketing orders on the Grade A share of milk.

Impacts of Reductions in U.S. Cotton Subsidies on West African Cotton Producers.
(July 2007, pdf)  Alston, Julian M., Daniel A. Sumner and Henrich Brunke.  Oxfam America, Boston, MA, 34 pp. This study estimates the reductions in income to cotton farmer households in Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, and Mali if counter-cyclical payments, marketing loans, and direct payments programs were eliminated in the United States.

Statistical Review of California Organic Agriculture 2000-2005
(May 2007, pdf, 1Mb). Karen Klonsky and Kurt Richter. This publication quantifies the current size and growth of the organic industry in California in terms of acres, farm gate sales and number of growers statewide and by commodity, commodity group, county, and region, based on California Department of Agriculture registration data from 1999-2005.

Perspectives on Farm Policy Reform
(April 2007, pdf) Julian M. Alston and Daniel A. Sumner. This article reviews what has happened to U.S. domestic farm policies and related agricultural trade policies over the past 10 years. The article is concluded with an overview of the policies as they stand today as well as potential outcomes in the 2007 Farm Bill.

U.S. Farm Programs and African Cotton.  International Food and Agricultural Trade Policy Council Issues Brief, No. 22
(February 2007 html) Daniel A. Sumner. This Brief describes the domestic and international factors influencing US cotton policy: the US Farm Bill, the US-Brazil WTO cotton case, and the WTO's sectoral initiative on cotton.

Effects of Price Premiums for Multiple Product Attributes on Product Quality: California Processing Tomatoes
(Nov. 2006, pdf, 81 kb) Corinne Alexander, Rachael E. Goodhue, Sandeep Mohapatra, and Gordon C. Rausser.

EU Support Reductions Would Benefit California Tomato Growers and Processors (October - December 2006 California Agriculture, pdf, 5.75 mb)
Bradley J.Rickard and Daniel A. Sumner. Simulation model results from a 50 percent reduction in European Union trade barriers and subsidies.

Political Market Power of Milk Producers Reflected in U.S. Milk Pricing Regulations (July 2006.pdf 1.06mb) by Byeong-Il Ahn and Daniel A. Sumner. This paper assesses the political market power of milk producers relative to buyers in two ways.

Statistical Review of California's Organic Agriculture 1998-2003
(December 2005) (pdf, 572kb)

An Analysis of the Costs and Benefits to Consumers and Growers from the
Consumption of Recommended Amounts and Types of Fruits and Vegetables for Cancer Prevention
(pdf, html)
(
Final Report  prepared for the California Department of Health Services Cancer Prevention and Nutrition Section) by Karen M. Jetter, James A. Chalfant and Daniel A. Sumner, 2004.
This study examines the direct economic benefits and costs of Californian consumers adopting four alternative recommended diets: the very minimum 5-a-day recommendation for fruits and vegetables, the 5-a-day commodity sub-group recommendations for a cancer prevention diet, the 7-a-day minimum recommendation for men and active women, and the 7-a-day commodity sub-group recommendations for a cancer prevention diet.

Statistical Picture of California's Organic Agriculture, 1995-1998 (2002)

Economic Consequences of European Union Processing Tomato Subsidies (pdf)
Daniel A. Sumner, Bradley J. Rickard, and David S. Hart analyze the impacts of EU processed tomato industry export subsidies, import barriers, and domestic subsidies on EU producers, consumers and taxpayers and on processed tomato market participants outside the EU.

Agriculture in the Sacramento Region, Trends and Prospects
This link provides a detailed portrait of agriculture in the lower Sacramento Valley, and of the economic and policy trends that are shaping its future.

Agricultural Exports for California
This link provides information on the history, methods and resulting data from the AIC effort to develop methods that result in more accurate statistics for international exports of California agricultural products.

AIC Wine and Winegrape Research
This webpage provides results from AIC research on wine and winegrapes as well as related work by other individuals.

RESEARCH WORKING PAPERS

Effects of Milk Marketing Order Regulation on the Share of Fluid-Grade Milk in the United States (html) by Joseph V. Balagtas, Aaron Smith, and Daniel A. Sumner. May 2007, Forthcoming in AJAE. This study presents an econometric model that exploits regional and temporal variation in policy implementation to identify the effect of marketing orders on the grade A share of milk.

Public Funding for Research into Specialty Crops (pdf)
This paper considers public funding for R&D directed to specialty crops. Specific questions to be addressed include whether R&D for specialty crops has been underfunded, both in absolute terms and relative to other crops and agriculture more generally.
Authors: Julian M. Alston and Philip G. Pardey. May 2007

Domestic Support and Border Measures for Processed Horticultural Products (html) by Bradley J. Rickard and Daniel A. Sumner. This study models reform of agricultural policies that apply to different stages along the vertical supply chain and show the importance of even limited input substitution between raw materials and other inputs. April 2007.

Political Market Power of Milk Producers Reflected in U.S. Milk Pricing Regulations (July 2006, pdf, 1.06mb) by Byeong-Il Ahn and Daniel A. Sumner. This paper assesses the political market power of milk producers relative to buyers in two ways.

Economic Impact of the Canadian Cattle and Beef Industry of a Disruption of Exports of Boxed Beef to the United States (doc)
Daniel A. Sumner and José Bervejillo. This report evaluates the potential damage to the Canadian cattle and beef industry if legal challenges were to halt exports of boxed beef from Canada to the United States in the near future. August 2005.

Alpaca Lies? Do Alpacas Represent the Latest Speculative Bubble in Agriculture? (pdf)
by T.L. Saitone and R.J. Sexton, September 2005.

A Multinomial Logit Framework to Estimating Bid Shading in Procurement Auctions, With Application to Cattle Sales in the Texas Panhandle (pdf)
by Crespi, J.M. and R.J. Sexton. Working Paper, University of California, Davis, June 2004.

Supermarket Fluid Milk Pricing Practices in the Western United States (pdf)
Paper by Carman, H.F. and R.J. Sexton. Agribusiness, in press (2004).

An Alternative Natural Beef Production System
(pdf)
A Differentiation Strategy for California Producers and Packers by Ricardo Verazza Paganini. ARE Update No. 8, Vol. 1, Sept./Oct. 2004. University of California Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics.

Trends in U.S. Fresh Produce Marketing (ppt)
PowerPoint presentation by Roberta Cook, Keynote Speaker, California Fresh Produce and Floral Council, Oakland, California, September 13, 2004. Value-added (fresh-cut produce) is emphasized

Explaining Disparities in the Cost of Healthier Foods (ppt)
Slides from a presentation by Karen M. Jetter and Diana L. Cassady at the American Agricultural Economics Association meetings in Denver, Colorado, August 2, 2004.

An Analysis of the Costs and Benefits to Consumers and Growers from the
Consumption of Recommended Amounts and Types of Fruits and Vegetables for Cancer Prevention
(pdf, html)
(
Final Report  prepared for the California Department of Health Services Cancer Prevention and Nutrition Section) by Karen M. Jetter, James A. Chalfant and Daniel A. Sumner, 2004.
This study examines the direct economic benefits and costs of Californian consumers adopting four alternative recommended diets: the very minimum 5-a-day recommendation for fruits and vegetables, the 5-a-day commodity sub-group recommendations for a cancer prevention diet, the 7-a-day minimum recommendation for men and active women, and the 7-a-day commodity sub-group recommendations for a cancer prevention diet.

The Effects of the Northeast Dairy Compact on Producers and Consumers, with Implications for Compact Contagion (html)
Paper by Joseph V. Balagtas and Daniel A. Sumner published in the Spring/Fall 2003 volume of the Review of Agricultural Economics.

Risk and Returns to Policy-Created in a Portfolio Context: California Dairy Quota (pdf)
Paper by Daniel A. Sumner and Norbert L. W. Wilson. March 2002.

United States' Agricultural Systems: An Overview of U.S. Dairy Policy (pdf)
Paper by Daniel A. Sumner and Joseph V. Balagtas published in the Encyclopedia of Dairy Sciences.
2002

California Agriculture 2001: Trends and Issues (pdf)
Slides from a presentation by Daniel A. Sumner to the California Chapter of the American Society of Farm Managers and Rural Appraisers, April 27, 2001.

Agriculture in an E-Commerce World (html)
This site contains presentations and background material from the UC Executive Seminar "Agriculture in an E-Commerce World," held
December 4th, 2000 in Sacramento, California and co-hosted by the Agricultural Issues Center and the UC Center for Cooperatives.

The Agricultural Issues Center's Winegrape Outlook Workshop III (html)
This site contains papers and abstracts from the workshop held in Oakville, California, October 25, 2000.

The Agricultural Policy Outlook (pdf)
Slides from the presentation by Joseph W. Glauber on the U.S. agricultural policy outlook, October 26, 2000.

Analysis of Yield and Revenue Insurance for California Vegetables (pdf)
Outline from the Presentation by Nicolai V. Kuminoff to the Western Growers Association on July 26, 2000 (revised from a project by Corinne Alexander and Nicolai V. Kuminoff).

Contracts, Quality, and Industrialization in Agriculture: Hypotheses and Empirical Analysis of the California Winegrape Industry (pdf)
Paper by Rachael E. Goodhue, Dale M. Heien, Hyunok Lee and Daniel A. Sumner, revised December 25, 2000.

Dairy Policies and Trade: Implications for the Next WTO Negotiations
A Special Issue of the Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Co-edited by John Beghin and Daniel A. Sumner. Copies can be ordered from the CJAE website http://pubs.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/aic-journals/.

The Effect of the Northeast Dairy Compact on Producers and Consumers, with Implications of Compact Contagion (pdf)
Paper by Joseph V. Balagtas and Daniel A. Sumner, 2000.

Ex ante Economics of Exotic Disease Policy: Citrus Canker in California (pdf)
Draft paper by Karen M. Jetter, Daniel A. Sumner and Edwin L. Civerolo, prepared for presentation at the Conference: “Integrating
Risk Assessment and Economics for Regulatory Decisions,” USDA, Washington, DC, December 7, 2000.

Farmland, Urbanization, and Agriculture in the Sacramento Region (pdf)
A paper prepared by Alvin D. Sokolow and Nicolai V. Kuminoff for the Capitol Region Institute, Sacramento Regional Futures Compendium. This paper uses recent data on land use, agricultural production and population growth to discuss the future of agriculture in the Sacramento Region.


OTHER AIC PUBLICATIONS
The books listed below are produced by the UC Agricultural Issues Center and are available in many libraries.
Most are available for download as pdf here.
Shaping Agriculture in the 21st Century (1995)
Financing Agriculture in California's New Risk Environment, Proceedings, 1993 Conference
Agriculture in California - On the Brink of a New Millennium, 1990-2010 (1990)
California's Beef Industry (1991)
California's Dairy Industry: Part I: Organization & Structure (1992)
California's Dairy Industry Part II: Challenges & Opportunities (1994)
California's Rice Industry (Revised 1994)
California's Canned Fruit Industry (1992)

RELATED LINKS

AIC Director Daniel A. Sumner's University of California, Davis, Agricultural and Resource Economics Faculty Webpage


California Agricultural Statistics Service

California Department of Food and Agriculture

United States International Trade Commission Online Trade Database


Statistics Canada Online Trade Database

United States Department of Agriculture

United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service


United States Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistics Service

United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Marketing Service


Wine Economics


AIC QUARTERLY ARTICLES

(You may have to browse the Quarterly to find the indicated article.)

Volume 18 No.2, 2004 (pdf)
Study examines costs and benefits of healthy diets
UC studies cost of producing small grains and winter forage for silage
AIC Issues Brief analyzes pistachio marketing order

Volume 17, No. 1, 2003 (pdf)
Food labeling lacks consistency
Long-term scenarios for California agriculture explored
Analysis shows another difficult year for exports

Volume 16, No. 4, 2002 (pdf)
Effects of the farm bill on California commodities
Implications for California dairying

Volume 16, No. 3, 2002 (pdf)
Grape location drives California wine prices
Wine industry contracts increase between growers and processors Volume 16, No. 2, 2002 (pdf)
New whey uses explored

Volume 16, No 1, 2002 (pdf)
AgMRC Advisory Council helps define projects at San Diego meeting
New walnut economic analysis available

Volume 15, No. 3, 2001 (pdf)
Wine industry faces short-term economic challenges
USDA grant will boost value-added agriculture

Volume 15, No. 1, 2001 (pdf)
New AIC Project to Look at Tomato Industry
Center Study Examines EU Tomato Subsidies

Volume 14, No. 4, 2000 (pdf)
E-Commerce and Agriculture: Executive Seminar
New AIC Publication Views Ag E-Commerce
New "Measure of California Ag" Now Takes Two Forms
Annual Outlook for Wine and Winegrapes

Volume 14, No. 3, 2000 (pdf)
New Center Publication Portrays Regional Ag
Center Updates State Ag Export Statistics

Volume 14, No. 2, 2000 (pdf)
December Date for Executive Seminar

Volume 13, No. 3, 1999 (html)
Executive Seminar Looks at Trend to Global Retailers
Another Year's Data Added to State Ag Export Estimates

Volume 13, No. 2, 1999 (html)
UC Executive Seminar Set for Mid-December
Wine Outlook Workshop: Markets, Contracts, Labor

Volume 13, No. 1, 1999 (html)
Winegrape Outlook Workshop Scheduled

Volume 12, No. 4, 1998 (html)
Executive Seminar Covers Food Marketing System

Volume 12, No. 3, 1998 (html)
New Export Statistics Reported by AIC

Volume 12, No. 2, 1998 (html)
AIC-Generated Export Statistics

Volume 12, No. 1, 1998 (html)
1998 Executive Seminar Announced

Volume 11, No. 3, 1997 (html)
New Center Publication Spotlights State's Foreign Agricultural Markets
Export Data Project Teams AIC and CDFA



AIC ISSUES BRIEFS


California's International Agricultural Exports in 2005 (no.31, April 2007, pdf)
by Omid Rowhani and Daniel A. Sumner
In 2005 California’s agricultural exports surpassed $9 billion for the first time. The data reported in this AIC Issues Brief describe international agricultural exports for 2005, and revisions for 2003 and 2004.

California's International Agricultural Exports in 2004 (no.30, Nov. 2005, pdf)
by José E. Bervejillo and Daniel A. Sumner
In 2004 California’s agricultural exports surpassed $8 billion for the first time. This represents a 9 percent increase over 2003 and a 25 percent increase over 2002. The data reported in this AIC Issues Brief describe international agricultural exports for 2004 and revisions for 2002 and 2003.

Does 5-a-Day Pay? (no.27, Sept. 2004, pdf)
by Karen M. Jetter, James A. Chalfant and Daniel A. Sumner.
Study examines potential Gains to Growers from Increasing Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables to Recommended Levels in a Cancer Prevention Diet.

The 2002 Census of Agriculture: A Wealth of Useful Data (no.26, Aug. 2004, pdf)
by Daniel A. Sumner, Henrich Brunke, José E. Bervejillo.
The recently released 2002 Census of Agriculture provides a wealth of new information that will help frame production, marketing and policy decisions about American agriculture.

California International Agricultural Exports in 2003 (no.28, 2004, 88kb)
by José E. Bervejillo and Daniel A. Sumner
The data reported in this AIC Issues Brief describe international agricultural exports for 2003 as well as revisions for 2001 and 2002.

California’s International Agricultural Exports in 2002 (no.23, 2003, pdf)
José E. Bervejillo and Daniel A. Sumner.
The value of California’s agricultural exports in 2002 remained unchanged from 2001 at about $6.5 billion. The data reported in this AIC Issues Brief describe international agricultural exports for 2002 as well as revisions for 2000 and 2001.

Potential Gains to Producers from New Uses for Whey (no. 20, 2003, pdf)
Fiona M. Hutchinson, Joseph V. Balagtas, John M. Krochta, Daniel A. Sumner present research and development (R&D) affecting the dairy industry with new uses for agricultural raw materials. This issues brief reports on the potential economic contributions of one set of such innovations.

California's International Agricultural Exports in 2001 (no. 19, 2003, pdf)
Jose E. Bervejillo and Daniel A. Sumner examine California's year 2001 international agricultural exports using new data from the continuing AIC effort to produce accurate export statistics for the state.

What Determines the Price of Wine? The Value of Grape Characteristics and Wine Quality Assessments (no. 18, 2003, pdf)
Helene Bombrun and Daniel A. Sumner consider how information about grape characteristics and wine assessments affects wine prices.

California's Year 2000 International Agricultural Exports (no 17, 2001, pdf)
Nicolai V. Kuminoff, Jose E. Bervejillo, and Daniel A. Sumner examine California's year 2000 international agricultural exports using new data from the continuing AIC effort to produce accurate export statistics for the state.

Emergent E-Commerce in Agriculture (no. 14, 2000, pdf)
Rolf A.E. Mueller provides some background, some current facts, and some interpretation of the role of e-commerce in agriculture.

California's 1999 International Agricultural Exports (no. 13, 2000, pdf)
Nicolai V. Kuminoff, Daniel A. Sumner and Justin Tamony provide updated export data for 1999 and present highlights from the five years of data compiled by AIC through its effort to develop more accurate methods of producing agricultural export statistics for California.

Contract Use in the California Winegrape Economy (no. 11, 1999, pdf)
Rachael Goodhue, Dale Heien and Hyunok Lee describe the use of contracts in the California winegrape industry, drawing on an AIC survey of 12,000 growers in the state.

Data on California's 1998 Agricultural Exports (no.10, 1999, pdf)
Nicolai Kuminoff, Tiffany Bunney, David S. Hart and Daniel A. Sumner provide updated export data for 1998 from the continuing AIC effort to develop methods for producing more accurate agricultural export statistics for California.

Organic Agriculture in California: A Statistical Review (no. 6, 1998, html)
Laura Tourte and Karen Klonsky provide data on organic agriculture in California, drawing from a larger study conducted in collaboration with the California Department of Food and Agriculture.

Improved Data on California’s Agricultural Exports (no. 8, 1998, html)
Daniel A. Sumner, Heather Benson, David Hart and Nick Kuminoff summarize results from a larger AIC project that provided a more solid statistical basis for conclusions about the state’s agricultural exports from 1995-1997.


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